Hip and valley roofs, also known as cross-hipped roofs, present a complex home design. Hip and valley roofs are known for their intricate architecture and shapes, which can make them harder to construct. Not all homeowners install them due to this and their unique maintenance requirements.
But like any other roof, hip and valley roofs aren’t immune to challenges. As time goes by, they can develop serious problems that require professional attention and, sometimes, costly repairs. In this blog post, we will discuss some of the common issues that hip and valley roofs develop over time.
As a professional roofing contractor in Tulsa, OK, we consider it our responsibility to educate homeowners in the area and help them make the right decisions when it comes to their homes.
Understanding Hip Roofs
Before delving into the intricacies of hip and valley roofs, let’s first go over what hip roofs are. A hip roof is a type of roof design characterized by its symmetrical and sloping sides. Unlike gable roofs, which have vertical ends or gables, hip roofs have a gentle slope on all sides, converging toward a central point.
This design creates a pyramid shape over a square-shaped home, lending a timeless and balanced appearance to your home. On a rectangular home, it forms a long ridge at the peak. Hip roofs are one of the most resilient roof types, designed specifically for homes in high wind and snowy areas. Their ability to shed water and snow set them apart from other traditional roof types, including gable roofs.
Exploring Roof Valleys
Now, let’s shift our focus to roof valleys. Roof valleys, as the name suggests, are long and narrow valleys on the roof. They are formed when two sloping sides meet at an inward angle, creating a V-shaped depression or valley. Roof valleys play a crucial role in channeling rainwater and snowmelt away from the roof, preventing water from pooling and causing leaks.
There are two main types of roof valleys: closed and open roof valleys. Read the blog post to learn more: Open Valley Vs. Closed Valley Roofs: Which Offers Better Durability?
The Hip and Valley Roof
Now that we’ve laid the groundwork, it’s time to introduce the hip and valley roof. This ingenious design combines two hip roofs at right angles, creating a dynamic and aesthetically pleasing roofing system.
Where two hip roofs intersect at an angle, they form narrow and long valleys. Roof valleys allow for the flow of water from the roof’s surface directly to the gutters. The conjunction of two sloped sides establishes an aesthetically pleasing curb appeal that will turn heads in any neighborhood.
Key Characteristics of Hip and Valley Roofs
Hip and valley roofs are unique in their design and structure, which allows them to face severe weather and wind with ease.
1. Intersection of Hip Roofs
At its core, a hip and valley roof involves the intersection of two hip roof sections. This intersection often forms a T or L shape, depending on the specific architectural design.
2. Architectural Versatility
Hip and valley roofs offer the stability and weather resistance associated with hip roofs while providing the efficient water drainage benefits of roof valleys.
3. Unique Aesthetic
One of the standout features of hip and valley roofs is their intriguing visual element. They add architectural flair to your home’s design, making it stand out in the neighborhood.
4. Customization Potential
Homeowners have the flexibility to customize the dimensions and angles of hip and valley roofs to suit their preferences and structural needs.
Common Problems With Hip And Valley Roofs
Here are some signs of damage to look for on your hip and valley roof. If you notice these signs, it’s probably time for a repair.
Like any other roof, hip and valley roofs can develop leaks over time. Roof valleys, in particular, are susceptible to leaks if they are not correctly sealed or if debris accumulates and hinders water flow. Leaks can lead to water damage inside your home if not addressed promptly.
2. Missing or Damaged Shingles
Though missing shingles is a rare occurrence on hip and valley roofs, it isn’t impossible. In the event of high winds and storms, shingles can come off the roof, leaving the deck exposed to water and elements. Check for missing, cracked, or damaged shingles, particularly in the hip and valley sections. Damaged shingles can compromise the roof’s ability to shed water effectively.
3. Clogged or Blocked Valleys
Since hip and valley roofs contain many peaks and dips, they accumulate debris and dust, which can block the path of water in roof valleys. Water can back up and pool on the roof in the clogged valleys. Inspect and maintain your valleys regularly for leaves, branches, or other debris that may hinder water flow.
4. Loose or Damaged Flashing
Flashing material, which is used to seal the joints and intersections of roofing materials, is critical in hip and valley roofs. They can be damaged due to constant exposure to ponding water and heat. In addition, flashing materials can be displaced due to thermal expansion and contraction of the roofing materials. If the flashing is damaged, it can lead to water penetration and leaks. Regular inspections should include checking the condition of the flashing.
5. Ice Dams
In the narrow but sloped valleys, snow can accumulate. Ice dams occur when the snow melts on the upper part of the roof and then refreezes as it reaches the cooler eaves. This can lead to water backing up under the shingles and causing leaks.
How To Repair A Hip And Valley Roof
Repair your hip and valley roof as you notice any signs of damage, including missing and damaged shingles, water leaks, or damaged flashing.
1. Repair Shingle Damage:
Missing Shingles: If you have missing shingles, replace them with new ones that match the existing roofing material. Use roofing nails to secure the new shingles in place.
Damaged Shingles: For cracked or damaged shingles, you can use roofing cement to seal small cracks or apply a roof patch for more extensive damage. Be sure to follow the manufacturer’s guidelines, as this can keep the product warranty valid.
2. Clear Roof Valleys:
Remove Debris: Safely remove leaves, branches, and debris from the roof valleys. A roof rake or broom can be helpful for this task.
Check for Clogs: Ensure that the valleys are clear of any clogs. Use a garden hose to flush out any remaining debris.
3. Fix Flashing Issues:
Reattach Loose Flashing: If the flashing in the hip and valley intersections is loose, secure it in place using roofing nails or screws. Apply roofing cement over the fasteners and along the edges to ensure a watertight seal.
Replace Damaged Flashing: If the flashing is damaged or corroded, it’s best to replace it entirely. Remove the old flashing carefully, clean the area, and install new flashing, sealing all joints with roofing cement.
4. Repair Leaks:
Locate the Source: To fix leaks, first identify the source of the problem. Check for damp spots or water stains on the interior of your home, then trace the leak back to its origin on the roof.
Patch Small Leaks: For small roof leaks, you can use roofing cement or a sealant specifically designed for repairing leaks. Apply roof sealant over the damaged area, extending it beyond the affected section.
Address Larger Leaks: Larger leaks may require more extensive repairs. In such cases, it’s advisable to consult a professional roofer to assess the damage and find the appropriate solution, which may include replacing damaged sections of the roof.
6. Preventing Ice Dams:
Improve Insulation and Ventilation: To prevent ice dams, improve insulation and ventilation in your attic space. This can help maintain a consistent roof temperature, reducing the likelihood of ice dam formation.
7. Regular Maintenance:
Schedule Routine Inspections: To prolong the life of your hip and valley roof, perform regular inspections and maintenance. Check for signs of damage, clear debris, and address any issues promptly. It’s also a good idea to have a professional roofing contractor inspect your roof at least once a year.
Hire Professional Roofers To Repair Your Hip And Valley Roof In Tulsa, OK
Now that you are aware of the structural complexities of your hip and valley roof, you know that it’s best to leave repairs to the experts. If you notice signs of damage to your roof, contact A. Fricker Roofing & Waterproofing in Tulsa today to repair your damaged roof. Our roofing company is home to professional and skilled roofers who you can trust and rely on for any roofing needs. Call us today at (918) 402-7167, to consult a professional roofer.