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Homeowners Guide To Composition Roof & 3 Facts You Need To Know

Posted on March 8, 2024

Estimated Reading Time : 6 Min.

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composition roofs

When installing a new roof for your home, you might have encountered a frequently used term: composition roof. While it may seem that this roofing system has only recently been introduced to the market, it hasn’t. A composition roof is just another name for an asphalt shingle roof, but it gets its name because these asphalt shingles are not solely made of asphalt. Their material composition encompasses a fiberglass mat, asphalt granules, and a composition of other materials as well.

In this blog post, we will discuss composite roofs and composite shingles in detail so keep reading to gain an in-depth understanding of this seemingly new roofing material. 

What Is A Composition Roof? 

Composition roofs are constructed using a combination of asphalt, fiberglass, and mineral granules. This blend of materials results in a durable and weather-resistant roofing option that can withstand harsh environmental conditions, including rain, wind, and UV radiation. Here’s a closer look at the key components of composition roofs:

1. Asphalt Shingles: The Backbone of Composition Roofs

At the core of every composition roof are asphalt shingles. These shingles consist of a fiberglass mat coated with asphalt and embedded with ceramic granules. The asphalt provides waterproofing properties, while the granules that are added later enhance durability and protect against UV damage. Asphalt shingles come in a variety of styles, colors, and textures, allowing homeowners to achieve the desired look for their homes.

2. Reinforced Fiberglass: Adding Strength and Stability

Fiberglass reinforcement plays a crucial role in enhancing the strength and stability of composition roofs. The fiberglass mat provides structural support to the asphalt shingles, preventing them from sagging or warping over time. Additionally, fiberglass reinforcement improves the fire resistance of a composition roof, making it a safe and reliable choice for homeowners.

3. Mineral Granules: Protection Against the Elements

The outer layer of composition roofs is covered with mineral granules, which serve multiple purposes. These granules act as a protective shield against harsh weather conditions, including hail, rain, and snow. They also help to reflect sunlight, reducing heat absorption and lowering cooling costs during the hot summer months. Furthermore, mineral granules provide aesthetic appeal, giving composition roofs their distinctive color and texture.

Also Read: Asphalt Shingles vs. Composite Shingles: Which Is Right For Your Home?

Four Main Types of Composite Roofing Materials

Composition roofs, also known as asphalt shingle roofs, come in various types, each offering unique features and benefits to homeowners. Let’s explore some of the most common types of composition roofing materials:

1. 3-Tab Shingles

3-tab shingles

3-Tab shingles are the most traditional and widely used type of composition roofing material. They feature a flat appearance with three evenly spaced tabs along their length, giving them a uniform and classic look. Known for their affordability, 3-tab shingles make a popular choice for budget-conscious homeowners. While they may lack the dimensional appeal of other types of composition roofing material, 3-tab shingles provide reliable performance and durability.

2. Architectural Shingles

Architectural shingles

Architectural shingles, also known as laminated or dimensional shingles, are a premium option that offers enhanced aesthetics and durability. Unlike 3-tab shingles, architectural shingles have a layered construction with varying shapes and sizes, creating a more textured and dimensional appearance. This gives architectural shingles a high-end look that mimics the appearance of natural materials such as wood or slate. In addition to their aesthetic appeal, architectural shingles offer improved wind resistance and longevity, making them a popular choice for homeowners seeking both style and performance.

Also Read: How Long Do Architectural Shingles Last?

3. Designer Shingles

Designer shingles

Designer shingles are a luxury option that combines the durability of composition roofing with the beauty of custom patterns and colors. These shingles are engineered to mimic the appearance of premium roofing materials such as cedar shake, clay tile, or slate, allowing homeowners to achieve the look of a high-end roof without the associated cost or maintenance requirements. Designer shingles come in a wide range of styles and colors, allowing homeowners to create a unique and custom look for their homes.

4. Impact-Resistant Shingles

Impact-resistant shingles are designed to withstand damage from hail, falling branches, and other impact events. These shingles feature a reinforced construction with enhanced durability and impact resistance, making them ideal for homes located in areas prone to severe weather conditions. While impact-resistant shingles may come at a slightly higher price point compared to standard composition roofs, they offer added peace of mind and protection against expensive damage and repairs.

Also Read: Which Type Of Asphalt Shingles Are Right For You?

The Advantages Of Composition Roofs

When it comes to choosing the right roofing material for your home, composition roofs stand out for several compelling reasons. Let’s explore the key benefits that make composition roofs a popular choice among homeowners:

1. Affordability

Composition roofs are renowned for their affordability, making them an attractive option for budget-conscious homeowners. Compared to other roofing materials such as metal, tile, or cedar shake, composition roofs offer excellent value for money without compromising on quality or durability.

2. Versatility

One of the standout features of composition roofs is their versatility. Available in a wide range of styles, colors, and textures, these roofs can be customized to complement the architectural style of any home. Whether you prefer the classic look of traditional asphalt shingles or the modern appeal of architectural shingles, there’s a composition roof option to suit your taste and preferences.

3. Durability

Despite their affordable price point, composition roofs are remarkably durable and long-lasting. Constructed with a blend of asphalt, fiberglass, and mineral granules, these roofs can withstand harsh weather conditions, including heavy rain, high winds, and UV exposure. With proper installation and maintenance, a composition roof can provide reliable protection for decades, ensuring peace of mind for homeowners.

4. Energy Efficiency

Composition roofs can contribute to improved energy efficiency in your home. By choosing light-colored shingles or shingles with reflective granules, you can reduce heat absorption and minimize the strain on your HVAC system during the hot summer months. This not only helps to lower cooling costs but also enhances indoor comfort and energy conservation.

5. Easy Installation and Maintenance

Another benefit of composition roofs is their ease of installation and maintenance. Unlike some roofing materials that require specialized installation techniques or regular upkeep, composition roofs can be installed quickly and efficiently by experienced roofing contractors. Additionally, routine maintenance tasks such as gutter cleaning and debris removal are straightforward, ensuring hassle-free upkeep for homeowners.

3 Must-Know Facts About Composition Roofs

1. Susceptibility To Damage 

While modern composition shingles are designed to withstand harsh environmental elements, they may still suffer damage under severe circumstances. Hailstones can cause dents or cracks in the shingles, high winds can lift or dislodge them, and heavy snow accumulation can put stress on the roofing structure. Homeowners in areas prone to such weather events should be aware of these risks and take appropriate precautions, such as regular roof inspections and repairs.

2. Recyclability

One noticeable fact about composition roofs is that they can be recycled to make useful materials. The recyclability of composition shingles helps to divert roofing materials from landfills, where they would otherwise contribute to environmental pollution. Additionally, some roofing manufacturers offer recycling programs for old composition shingles, making it easy for homeowners to dispose of their roofing materials responsibly and sustainably.

3. Lightweight Construction

Unlike other roofing materials, such as concrete tiles or slate, which can be heavy and require additional structural support, composition roofs are relatively lightweight. This makes them easier to transport, handle, and install, reducing labor costs and installation time. Additionally, the lightweight nature of composition roofs puts less strain on the underlying structure of the home, potentially extending the lifespan of the building.

Contact A. Fricker Roofing & Waterproofing In Tulsa, OK, For Your Roof Installation 

Now that you know everything about composition roofs, you can make an informed decision. However, when selecting a roofing material for your home, it is essential to consider factors about the associated cost, local laws and regulations, and weather conditions in your area. 
If you are looking to install a new roof or replace existing shingles, contact the professional roofers at A. Fricker Roofing & Waterproofing in Tulsa, OK. The roofers at our company will help you make an informed decision about the roofing materials and guide you through the roof installation process. Give us a call today at (918) 402-7167 and consult with one of our experts about your roofing needs.


A. Yes, composition roofs are designed to withstand a wide range of weather conditions, including high winds, heavy rain, and extreme temperatures. However, it’s essential to choose the right type of composition roof for your specific climate and geographic location.

A. The lifespan of a composition roof depends on various factors, including the quality of materials, installation technique, and maintenance. On average, a well-maintained composition roof can last anywhere from 20 to 30 years or more.

composition roofs